How to Grow and Care for a Ficus Tree
Ficus trees contain some of the world’s oldest and easiest-to-grow seeds. Each ficus tree can produce hundreds of these seeds (depending on the species), which you can save and reuse for future plants. Ficus seeds are earliest-matured and some species can survive desiccation. Many ficus species can even survive the dry conditions typical of many wooded environments, but ficus trees thrive best in a slightly moist environment.
If you’re growing your own garden or hand-pollinating desirable species, remember that ficus seeds are very small and delicate, so they don’t require too much space. You need to provide your own outdoor air space for these seeds to germinate, but the seeds are small and easily suspended once they’ve broken free of their protective covering. So once you’ve planted your seeds, you can slowly move them outside.
Because they’re relatively low maintenance, ficus plants (https://www.sobnerastline.si/fikus/) are perfect candidates for indoor living. Depending on the species, their small, airy flowers can be fed with filtered sunlight. This light can come from either overhead or UV rays from the sun. If you plan to sell your ficus plants later, simply provide enough light from the main bulb to keep the blossoms looking well-eyed. Seedlings will take about 30 days to start seeing their first leaves, which will grow in colorful spikes matching the petals. It will take a few weeks for the new shoots to grow into branches, which will also become colorful and provide a contrasting texture to the rest of the growing environment.
Ficus species form dense stands in most homes, but any plant can fill the void left by a fallen plant. Ficus trees can establish and maintain attractive, dense cover over exposed dry stone surfaces and around lamps and other sources of artificial heat. You can also ensure ficus trees will be safer from insects, which feed on organic matter and can lead to decay or debris build-up in the pruning canes.
Most ficus species have single-pulley doors for producing single stems and will produce weed seed at the end of their lives. If an established ficus tree starts its decline, prune it back to encourage new growth. If you or someone in your household has an aversion to climbing plants, these can be pruned down and replaced with more attractive ficus species, such as yerba matos.
Ficus goes through three to four seasonal changes and is most active during a slow period called the dry season. During this time, they either generally go dormant or stay actively growing in small groups.
Like many common houseplants, ficus trees use their foliage for light, screening, and protection during the day. Green foliage helps these houseplants blend into their environment and reduces the need for maintenance. Unfortunately, many ficus species do not rebloom once they lose their green. This results in ficus trees needing regular trimming and watering to keep them healthy.
Ficus species are not drought-tolerant plants, meaning they can become weak and die if they aren’t watered for long enough.
Necessary trimming and watering of ficus species depends upon their species. Ficus macrophylla tolerates low to moderate watering, but Ficus macrophylla variegata can be touchy about water. If left unattended in the sun for too long, the foliage may darken and die back.
Ficus species, as well as many other genera of the/lesionae family, are cold hardy and tolerate low and moderate temperatures. Water your ficus plant only when the soil dries out, describing the situation as dry. Ficus species do not require fertilizer, but regular rototilling of the soil bulkier than a grass-like plant can encourage the growth of mold. If you do find mold growing on your ficus tree, treat the spot as soon as possible with a systemic aerator spray, such as the AquaClear— it can kill mold on a contact-pricked spot in just a few minutes.